Catalytic Treatment and Clean Energy team (TCEP)

Research Area :

 The main theme of the team is about « heterogeneous catalysis applied to the environment. » The catalytic remediation is explored for (1) the removal of air pollutants, and (2) the proposed alternatives for the production of clean energy. These two aspects will better take into account the complexity of the chemical composition of industrial or automotive waste and provide a catalytic solution.

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Catalytic treatment of air pollutants (VOCs, Soot, NOx, CO)

The studied catalysts are based on precious metals (Au, Pd) or transition metal oxides (Cu, Co, Fe, …) supported on simple or highly structured porous oxides. The underway studies are about the problem of air pollutants in its entirety by multifunctional catalysts. In the context of different national and international research programs especially about VOCs, several orientations were chosen as following:

1. Development of catalysts that can oxidize representative industrial mixtures (for all types of VOCs).
2. Development of the mechanistic approach in the reactions and the methods of physicochemical characterization « in situ » or « Operando ».
3. Development of highly structured porous inorganic materials to obtain solids with good properties both provide for support catalysts in adsorption/absorption. Such materials are the subject of study on the Fenton reaction for the degradation of organic pollutants.
4. Study of the by-products of the reactions that can occur during a catalytic treatment both at the start of the reaction and at the end of the catalyst’s life. A study of the toxicity of these gas mixtures is then performed by the team « Chemistry and Toxicology of Atmospheric Emissions « .

Production of hydrogen from the valorisation of pollutants

Like electricity, hydrogen is an energy carrier with the advantage of the store. Associated with the fuel cell, it provides an opportunity for clean energy production (industry, transport …).
We study the production of hydrogen coming from catalytic reforming of renewable resources such as biogas, methane, methanol and ethanol produced from biomass. A key concern is the development of efficient catalytic systems (high activity and low selectivity to CO) and this at the lowest possible temperatures for avoiding catalyst deactivation (coking, sintering, leaching, poisoning …). These catalysts are based on transition metal oxides (Co, Cu, Ni, Zn, …) supported on alumina (Al2O3) and / or ceria (CeO2) or hydrotalcite, doped or not with noble metals. Extensive studies on the mechanistic aspects and parameters affecting the activity and selectivity as well as aging are undertaken to optimize the performance of the studied systems.

 

Catalytic Treatment and Clean Energy team members :

 

Edmond ABI AAD

Pr

Antoine ABOUKAÏS

Pr Emeritus

Stéphane SIFFERT

Pr

Renaud COUSIN

Pr

Sylvie CAPELLE

MCF

Cédric GENNEQUIN

MCF

Christophe POUPIN

MCF

Lucette TIDAHY

IE

 

 

Post-Doc :

Sara Hany

Collaborations :

 

Nationals :

  • Unité de Catalyse et de Chimie du Solide (Univ. Lille I)
  • Laboratoire de Réactivité de Surface (Univ. Paris VI)
  • Institut de Chimie des milieux et matériaux de Poitiers (Univ. Poitiers)
  • Laboratoire de gestion des risques et environnement (Univ. Haute Alsace)
  • Institut de chimie et procédés pour l’énergie, l’environnement et la santé  (Univ. de Strasbourg)
  • Groupe de Recherche en Matériaux, Microélectronique, Acoustique Nanotechnologies (GREMAN-Université de Tours)
  • Laboratoire de Sécurité des procédés Chimiques,EA 4704(INSA de Rouen)

Internationals :

  • Institute of Catalysis, Académie bulgare des sciences de Sofia, Bulgarie
  • Laboratoire de Chimie des Matériaux Inorganiques de l’Université de Namur, Belgique
  • Laboratoire de thermodynamique et physique mathématique ; Université de Mons, Belgique
  • Department of Chemistry, Université du Texas à El Paso, Etats Unis d’Amérique
  • State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing Laboratory of Living Materials, Wuhan University of Technology, Chine
  • Petroleum Chemistry Key Laboratory – Industrial Chemical Institute Vietnam National University, Vietnam
  • Université Libanaise, Liban
  • Université De Balamand, Liban
  • American University of Beyrouth, Liban
  • Université Saint Esprit à Kaslik, Liban
  • Laboratoire de Catalyse et Synthèse en Chimie Organique, Université de Tlemcen, Algérie
  • Laboratoire Cinétique et Catalyse; Université d’Etat Moscou, Russie
  • Institut de Physique des Hautes Pressions (RAS, Troitsk), Russie

 

Thesis students :

 

Prénom NOM

Période

Titre

Cynthia ABOU SERHAL 

2016-2019

Total oxidation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and simultaneous reduction of NOx on transition metal catalysts prepared by hydrotalcite way (

Eliane DAHDAH 2016-2019

Catalytic reforming of glycerol for hydrogen production 

 Nathalie ELIA 2016-2019 Energy recovery of CO2 by catalytic way

Jihane ABOU RACHED

2014-2017

Production d’hydrogène par reformage catalytique des Composés Organiques Volatils

Joudia AKIL

2014-2017

Purification et valorisation catalytique du CO2 issu de l’oxycombustion

Carole TANIOS

2014-2017

Caractérisation, évaluation de la toxicité du biogaz issu de déchets ménagers et valorisation par reformage catalytique

 

 

Current projects :

  • EDF LNG Dunkerque : « Vieillissement des matériaux » (2008-2016)
  • EDF LNG Dunkerque : «Purification et valorisation du CO2″ (2016-2018)
  • Projet ComUE – Bonus Qualité Recherche Internationale / BQRI « Développement de matériaux catalytiques pour le traitement des Composés Organiques Volatils (COV) » (2015-2016)
  • Projet INTERREG France-Flandres-Wallonie « DepollutAir » (2016-2020)

Recent Publications :

 

  • J. Estephane, S. Aouad, S. Hany, B. El Khoury, C. Gennequin, H. El Zakhem, J. El Nakat, A. Aboukaïs, E. Abi Aad,  Journal of Hydrogen Energy, volume 40 issue 30, 2015, Pages 9201-920
  • Mira Nawfal, Cédric Gennequin, Madona Labaki, Bilal Nsouli, Antoine Aboukaïs, Edmond Abi-Aad, Journal of Hydrogen Energy, volume 40 issue 2, 2015, Pages 1269-1277
  • Dima Hammoud, Cédric Gennequin, Antoine Aboukais, Edmond Abi-Aad, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, volume 40 issue 2, 2015, Pages 1283-1297
  • A. Aboukaïs, S. Aouad, M. Skaf, S. Hany, M. Labaki, R. Cousin, E. Abi-Aad, Materials Chemistry and Physics, xxx (2015)DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2015.12.053
  • Brunet, J., Genty, E., Landkocz, Y., Zallouha, M.A., Billet, S., Courcot, D., Siffert, S., Thomas, D., De Weireld, G., Cousin, R. , Comptes Rendus Chimie 2015 18 (10), pp. 1084-1093
  • Mrad, R., Cousin, R., Poupin, C., Aboukaïs, A., Siffert, S. , Catalysis Today 2015 257 (P1), pp. 98-103
  • Mrad, R., Aissat, A., Cousin, R., Courcot, D., Siffert, S. , Applied Catalysis A: General 2015 504, pp. 542-548
    Genty, E., Brunet, J., Poupin, C., Casale, S., Capelle, S., Massiani, P., Siffert, S., Cousin, R. , Catalysts, 2015, 5 (2), pp. 851-867
  • Benaissa, S., Cherif-Aouali, L., Siffert, S., Aboukais A., Cousin, R., Bengueddach, A. , Nano, 2015, 10 (3), 1550043
  • Mrad, R., Cousin, R., Saliba, N.A., Tidahy, L., Siffert, S. , Comptes Rendus Chimie 2015, 18 (3), pp. 351-357
    Rooke, J.C., Barakat, T., Brunet, J., Li, Y., Finol, M.F., Lamonier, J.-F., Giraudon, J.-M., Cousin, R., Siffert, S., Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2015, 162, pp. 300-309
  • Ltaief, O.O., Siffert, S., Fourmentin, S., Benzina, M. , Comptes Rendus Chimie, 2015, 18 (10), pp. 1123-1133
  • Ltaief, O.O., Siffert, S., Poupin, C., Fourmentin, S., Benzina, M. , European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 2015 (28), pp. 4658-4665
  • D. Hammoud, C. Gennequin, A. Aboukais, E. Abi-Aad: Steam reforming of methanol over x% Cu/Zn-Al 400 500 based catalysts for production of hydrogen: preparation by adopting memory effect of hydrotalcite and behavior evaluation,Inter. J. Hyd. Ene.,2014, sous presse,DOI:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.09.080
  • R. Mrad, A.Aissat, R. Cousin, DCourcot, S.Siffert: Catalysts for NOx Selective Catalytic Reduction by hydrocarbons (HC-SCR),Appl. Catal. A: General, 2014,sous presse,DOI:10.1016/j.apcata.2013.11.025
  • M. Nawfal, C. Gennequin, M. Labaki, B. Nsouli, A. Aboukaïs, E. Abi-Aad: Hydrogen production by methane steam reforming over Ru supported on Ni-Mg-Al mixed oxides prepared via hydrotalcite route, Inter. J. Hyd. Ene.,2014,sous presse, DOI : 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.09.166
  • M. Mrad, D. Hammoud, C. Gennequin, A. Aboukaïs, E. Abi-Aad:A comparative study on the effect of Zn addition to Cu/Ce and Cu/Ce–Al catalysts in the steam reforming of methanol, Appl. Catal. A: General, 2014 ,471, 2014, 84-90, DOI:10.1016/j.apcata.2013.11.025
  • L. Djeffal, S. Abderrahmane, M. Benzina, M. Fourmentin, S. Siffert, S. Fourmentin: Efficient degradation of phenol using natural clay as heterogeneous Fenton-like catalyst, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 21(5), 3331-3338, 2014. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-013-2278-5
  • T. Barakat, V. Idakiev, R. Cousin, G.-S. Shao, Z.-Y. Yuan, T. Tabakova, S. Siffert : Total oxidation of toluene over noble metal based Ce, Fe and Ni doped titanium oxides, Appl. Catal. B: Environmental, 146,138-146, 2014.DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2013.05.064
  • T. Barakat, J.C. Rooke, R. Cousin,J.-F. Lamonier, J.-M. Giraudon,B.-L. Su, S. Siffert: Investigation of the elimination of VOC mixtures over a Pd-loaded V-doped TiO2 support, New Journal of Chemistry, 38 (5), 2066-2074 2014. DOI: 10.1039/c3nj01190a
  • L. Djeffal, S. Abderrahmane, M. Benzina, S. Siffert, S. Fourmentin, Efficiency of natural clay as heterogeneous Fenton and photo-Fenton catalyst for phenol and tyrosol degradation, Desalination and Water Treatment, 52 (10-12), 2225-2230, 2014. DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2013.799440
  • M. Franco Finol, J. Rooke, S. Siffert, R. Cousin, P. Carniti, A. Gervasini, J.-M. Giraudon, B.-L. Su, J.-F. Lamonier, Hierarchically porous Nb-TiO2 nanomaterials for the catalytic transformation of 2-propanol and n-butanol, New Journal of Chemistry, 38 (5), 1988-1995, 2014. DOI: 10.1039/c3nj01132a